You feel obligated because it’s St. Patrick’s, but does it really belong on the plate?
Although technically corned beef is an Irish thing, you’re not going to find it anywhere close to something that was eaten or served in any true Irish establishment. If they are going to eat beef, it’s going to be fresh. Corned beef was an export item.
But, to get your head around that, you have to look at the background of the beef.
In addition to the rolling hills chucked full of lamb and sheep, Ireland produces a lot of quality beef. (Currently, they control 16% of the export EU beef market.) The fertile grasslands and the constant temperatures allowing the cattle to graze on fresh grass throughout the year, produced some of the highest quality beef in the world. That, made it in demand, and demand meant money. So, beef was exported to other parts of Europe. England and France being the largest customers, consumed somewhere around 90% of the Irish beef market.
So, reasonably speaking, that leaves around 10% for domestic use. It would be expensive and it wouldn’t be eaten by the bulk of the Irish population.
Where corned beef came into the picture was on the ships transporting Irish, well… mainly Irish immigrants to our side of the pond. Ships unfortunately are damp, damp places, and a fresh side beef is just going to be a huge gooey mess by the time it reached it’s destination. In order for beef to make the two week (plus) trip to the east coast, it had to be cured…. and salt was the cheapest curative available at that time.
So, as our new nationals stepped off the ships, along with them came vast supplies of cured beef to help feed all the new citizens. Yes… Corned Beef.
The corned beef and cabbage dish we’ve all come to love most likely originated as an adaptation of a local Irish recipe for Bacon and Cabbage, which was really a smoked loin of pork instead of actual bacon. The loin was boiled in water with carrots and cabbage; the boiling removed enough of the salt cure to make the cured beef edible. Since it was a cheap meal to prepare, the immigrants made it frequently – forever endearing Corned Beef and Cabbage as an imported Irish staple.
with Cabbage and Root Vegetables
(Seriously, you’re already doing yourself harm with all that salt. Don’t even try to pretend to be healthy by buying a less fatty Round of Corned Beef. By the time you boil and simmer it, it is going to be as dry as a powder keg and tough as a shoe patch. A boiled dinner needs fat to season and tenderize, and connective tissue to create a decent broth. Just don’t do it.)
3 to 4 pound Brisket of Corned Beef
2 Cups Water
1 Medium Head of Cabbage (You’ll want to look for the darkest green cabbage you can find. The head must be mature to stand up to 2 hours of simmering. A smaller, more tender head will just turn to mush and ruin the dish.)
3 Turnips or Parsnips or 1/2 Swede (Which we’ve used)
3 Fingerling Potatoes per Person
3 Boiling Onions per Person
1 Teaspoon Spicy Brown Mustard
1 Tablespoon Flour
1 Tablespoon Olive Oil
1 Ounce Irish Whiskey
Place the brisket, water, and contents of the spice pack (it comes in every package of corned beef… look for it) and bring to a boil
Reduce to heat to simmer (2 or 3 on an electric) and cook for 2 hours
Peel the carrots and other vegetables
Cut the cabbage into quarters
Peel the skins off the onions – leaving the root end attached
If you’re using swede, peel and slice into 1/2″ sliced
At the 2 hour mark, lift off all the free roaming spices from the boiling liquid and discard. Layer the vegetables on top of the beef, cover and simmer another 1.5 hours
At the end of the cooking, transfer the vegetables to a serving platter
Slice the corned beef into 1/2 to 1″ thick slices – across the grain.
Mix together the mustard, oil and flour in a small bowl
With the remaining liquid in the pot, bring the pot liquid to a boil and add the mustard mixture
Whisk the liquid until it thicken a bit and turns glossy
Stir in the whiskey and serve
When you get right down to it….
it’s as American as apple pie…
or chop suey…
or fortune cookies.